|Created||November 13, 2011|
|Last modified||June 07, 2017|
|Tags||bias-point current-limiting led|
LEDs are usually found with a resistor in series to select the desired current (and therefore brightness and power consumption).
We're using four LED part models which mimic actual LEDs: LTL-307EE for a red LED, LTL-307GE for a green LED, LTL-307Y for a yellow LED, and QED-123 for an infrared LED.
How does the current vary with voltage and our choice of resistor? We need to make sure the current is high enough that the light is visible, but not so high that the LED overheats and is destroyed.
This circuit highlights several cool features of CircuitLab simulations that you can quickly try. Load this circuit with the "Open in editor" button above, and then click the "Simulate" tab to get started.
Run the DC simulation to quickly get a sense of the current through each LED when the power supply is really at 5V.
See how the circuit varies of our power supply isn't really at 5V.
You can also try doing a sweep over resistor value. Example: enter "R1.R" as a sweep variable, and sweep it between 220 * 0.95 and 220 * 1.05 to see how a 5% resistor tolerance might affect your circuit.
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