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Created July 07, 2020
Last modified December 23, 2020
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Op-amps have positive and negative voltage rails which limit the ability of the output to swing too high or too low. This can result in clipping.


This example is from the The Ideal Op-Amp (Operational Amplifier) chapter of Ultimate Electronics Book.

In addition to the two inputs and one output, op-amps have voltage rails, which indicate the operating voltage limits of the device. The output (and generally the inputs as well) can not exceed these limits, which can result in clipping.


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